Using the most recent information, this book draws attention to the wonderful world of moths and their caterpillars. It provides an insight into some of Australia's previously neglected fauna and highlights the importance of caterpillars in the ecosystem as plant-feeding herbivores and as a critical food source for our birds, lizards and other predators. Native and introduced plants associated with each moth species are listed, noting their importance as food for caterpillars and highlighting the need to conserve remaining native habitats and their biota. Householders will be surprised at how many garden plants can support the local moth community, and how these help sustain urban biodiversity and maintain a food supply for other native animals. Readers will gain an idea of the range of various moths from the distribution maps included.The 208 pages include over 650 photographs from many sources, depicting life histories including eggs, caterpillars, pupae and adult moths. A total of 375 species of southern Australian moths are illustrated and mentioned. The book describes the characteristics typical of each family group and each type of moth and caterpillar, supported by text and images. Other highlights include the early history of moth study in South Australia, and a full index of scientific and common moth names and their food plants.